Today’s post is a follow up to yesterday’s post about Birds, however it will be about diseases that can be caused by birds and also HOW they can be transmitted to humans from birds.
There are over 60 known transmittable diseases that can be passed to humans from birds and their droppings.
These diseases can typically be broken down into categories:
- Bacterial-examples include: salmonella, paratyphoid, vibriosis and listeriosis
- Viral- examples include: encephalitis, meningitis and newcastle’s Disease
- Fungal- examples include: histoplasmosis, candidasis and blastomycosis
- Protozoal- examples include: toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis and American Typansomiasis
There are 4 ways that birds can pass disease to humans. The first 2 ways are through food and water contaminated with bird feces. This can occur when birds defecate into food and water sources and it does not necessarily have to be direct contact. Food and water sources may be contaminated through airborne particles that are transferred through the air and settle into the sources.
The third way is inhalation of fecal dust. This can happen when dried feces becomes airborne microscopic particles that can contain fungi and/or bacterial that when inhaled by humans can cause illness.
The fourth way is through direct contact. This is when fecal dust or actual droppings comes in contact with an open sore or wound. If this occurs, it must be cleaned properly and treated, because if left untreated it could potentially lead to Sepsis, which is an infection of blood.
Over the rest of the bird series, we’ll be covering some of the more common diseases specifically, so check back for that information.
If you are having a problem with birds at your home, cottage or even business/workplace in Midland, Honey Harbour, Port McNicoll, or any other area of our coverage area, contact us at 705-534-7863 or email us today. We are fully trained in bird control methods and IPM. We are also fully licensed to handle other pest control issues.