Today, is part 2 of a 3-part series on Bees, Hornets and Wasps.

European hornet

The first type of hornet I’ll be writing about is the European Hornet (Vespa crabro). This species is black and dark with yellow, they have deeply indented eyes (think c-shaped) with reddish-orange wings and their petiolate abdomen is brown striped with yellow and some hair. This species also has hair on their thorax. They can be as big as 3.5 cm and like the honeybee and bumblebee they have a gentle disposition. This means they won’t sting unless they provoked, stepped on or grabbed. They will however get defensive when their hives are threatened and they can become aggressive when it comes to food sources.

In male European hornets the males  have abdomens that have 7 segments and the females have 6 and the male antenna have 13 segments and the female antenna have 12.

European hornets, unlike honeybees and bumblebees, will eat insects and they are also attracted to lights at night. Their nests are large paper nests and can be found in hollow trees that have sheltered positions.

Bald-face hornet

Bald-face Hornet or (Dolichovespula maculata) is also known as the white-faced hornet and the white-tailed hornet. Technically, this species belongs to the genus of wasps called yellowjackets but because they lack any yellow colour is it called a hornet. They are black with white ivory markings and can be up to 1.9 cm. They also have 2 visible legs that hang when they are in flight and they lack pollen baskets. Similar to the European hornets, the Bald-face hornet also eats other insects.

This species of hornet is found throughout North America including parts of Canada, the Rocky Mountains, the Western Coast of the United States and most of the Eastern United States.

Bald-faced hornets are known for their large football-shaped nests, which they build in the Spring for raising their young. There have been some known cases, where they have built their nests as big as 3-feet tall.

They are also extremely protective of their nests and  will sting repeatedly if the nest is physically disturbed. They are more aggressive than both yellowjackets and other member of the Vespa genus. When this species stings, they are able to retract their stinger and stinging their victim won’t kill them.

Basically, you don’t really want hornets hanging around your home especially if you or someone in your family is allergic to their stings, so Cottage Country Pest Control can come in and using IPM methods we can help make your environment safer for you and your family.

To book an appointment or for more information email or call us at 705-534-7863.